The World Mountain Forum (WMF), a gathering space for science, policy makers and practitioners of Sustainable Mountain Development (SMD) around the world, was held in Cusco, Peru on May 23rd - 25th 2014. The objective was to create a space to discuss and exchange experiences on topics related to climate change, family farming, mountain communities and mountain cities, in the framework of working in mountains.
Musonda Mumba, programme officer at UNEP and coordinator of the Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) flagship programme, participated in the Climate Change Session of the Forum, giving a talk on the EbA flagship programme in Nepal, Uganda and Peru. She highlighted that “Ecosystem based adaptation harness the capacity of nature to buffer human communities against the adverse impacts of climate change through the sustainable delivery of ecosystems services”, mentioning the characteristics and the advantages of working with EbA measures like socio-economic development, environmental protection and biodiversity conservation.
Pablo Dourojeanni, scientific advisor of the EbA Mountain project in Peru, also participated in this session, sharing lessons learned from applying three different approaches to the identification and selection of EbA measures in the Nor Yauyos Cochas Landscape Reserve (NYCLR). “Team 1 elaborated EbA criteria and a list of possible EbA measures which was filtered using the criteria and stakeholders consultations (top-down approach). Team 2 worked on the "bottom up approach" with local stakeholders, while team 3 made a full scale VIA (combination of top-down/bottom-up)”, explained Dourojeanni about the process.
The WMF also provided a space to discuss how to ensure that mountains are adequately reflected in the future climate agenda of mountain countries which will be discussed at the COP20. The Forum was organized by CONDESAN (Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion) with the support of the SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation).